Near and Future Exploration Missions
After the initial Artemis mission lands the first woman and the next man on the Moon in 2024, the Artemis program will continue with longer and bolder missions on the lunar surface throughout the 2020s. A key enabling system for those future missions will be a habitat that can support crew on the lunar surface, as they continue the exploration of the Moon and prepare for future missions to Mars. To leverage developing commercial lander capabilities, NASA is interested in a low-mass habitat that can be used on the lunar surface.
Design Requirements & Constraints
For this theme, teams will design a durable, low-mass habitat that can support a crew of 2 for 30 days at the lunar south pole, with a dry mass limit of 6,000 kg. The habitat should be ready for first use in 2028, with an annual budget of no more than $1 billion per year from 2022-2028 (including delivery to the lunar surface). Teams should create a development timeline with a realistic technology portfolio that can credibly achieve that date. The habitat should be capable of re-use, as it will serve as the starting point for expanding to greater crew capabilities on the surface, and for preparation for Mars missions. Thus, teams should identify how their habitat can be used to support both of these goals.
Human-Centered Design & Space Architecture
LEAP represents a harmonious balance between Human Systems Integration, Architecture Principles, and Industrial/UX Design complementing one another to build a sustainable and durable Lunar habitat.